Tag Archives: Vedolizumab

Flushed with Infusiasm

At the end of my last post I had made the decision to start Vedolizumab (Entyvio) and was on the point of contacting the IBD Helpline at Guy’s and St.Thomas’. I dropped them an email, which is how contact is made nowadays.

The next day I had a call from the hospital to arrange my first infusion. “Vedo days” are Wednesdays and Fridays. As luck would have it I already had a haematology appointment arranged for 10:30am on Wednesday 29th May so the infusion was booked for an hour later (on the basis that haemo clinics usually run on time). A new chapter in my “Crohn’s career” was about to be written.

The last infusion I had was at the end of 2009 (Infliximab) and that took several hours to complete so I was intrigued to know if Vedo would be the same. I canvassed the opinion of some other “infusees” and the concensus was that, due to extra monitoring, I should allow about 4 hours for the procedure. Forewarned is forearmed.

Wednesday 29th May 2019 – Guy’s Hospital – IBD Infusion Unit

In the interim the haematology appointment had been cancelled due to the consultant being away. I took advantage of the free time to have a walk along the Thames, one of my favourite pastimes, and then a quick visit into Tate Modern to use their “facilities” (recommended).

View from Blackfriars Bridge
Cruise Liner tied up alongside HMS Belfast

I arrived at the Unit with a couple of minutes to spare and handed in my calprotectin sample.  I was asked to settle myself down in one of the infusion chairs. A nurse came over to introduce himself and ask me a few questions before starting the infusion. The standard ones : what medications are you on; are you allergic to anything, how are you feeling? etc. He warned me that I might feel more fatigued than usual afterwards.

The nurse explained that he worked for Takeda, the company that manufactures Vedo, but was seconded to the NHS. I asked how long the procedure would take and was surprised when he replied “30 minutes Vedo followed by a 30 minute saline flush. 60 minutes in all”.

Cannula inserted; Vedo connected; and I settled down to read a book about heart surgery (“Fragile Lives” – Prof.Stephen Westaby). I know as Crohn’s patients we all go through some fairly challenging experiences and witness some gory sights when in hospital but even I found myself squirming at some of the Professor’s descriptions. Luckily there are no photographs!

Vedo finished, flush attached, back to the book and what seemed like a few minutes later the whole procedure was over. I was offered coffee and biscuits and then I was on my way home. My next infusion is set for 12th June., immediately after a rebooked haematology appointment.

Wednesday 12th June 2019 – Guy’s Hospital – IBD Infusion Unit

Time for my second infusion, but first there was a Haematology appointment to get out the way and with it a blood test. That meant I already had one hole in my arm and now I needed another! Once I had answered the standard set of questions that you have before any infusion the nurse inserted another cannula and I settled down with a book for the half hour infusion and then a further half hour flush. The only difference with my previous visit is that there were no coffee or biscuits on offer!

View from the atrium at Guy’s Hospital

I had been hoping that the calprotectin result for the sample I took in on 29th May was available but unfortunately it takes more than 2 weeks for samples to be processed. (I wonder how the home testing kits can give a result so quickly?)

Next infusions booked for 12th July and 9th August.

Never one to waste a visit to London I spent the afternoon at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition. Not a classic year in my opinion.

Royal Academy – Summer Exhibition 2019

Is the Vedolizumab Working?

How do I feel? Maybe a little more fatigued but no great difference. Is it working? It’s far too soon to know after just one dose but how will I know if it is working anyway? A little explanation –

The lead up to being prescribed Vedo is described in previous posts but maybe I should do a brief recap. My calprotectin level started showing an upward trend towards the end of 2015. Subsequent colonoscopies and small bowel MRI scans showed nothing that would account for this so the issue was parked as a “mystery’”. During that period I’ve been feeling fine. In fact I’ve been OK since my reversal, in 2011, and not taking any Crohn’s drugs.

Calprotectin Test Values

It wasn’t until a gastro appointment in October 2018 that I suggested we should do some further investigation as my calprotectin level had reached 1300. A capsule endoscopy had been mentioned in the past as it would get a good look at the whole of my digestive tract. My consultant agreed it was time to give it a go and one month later I was strapping on the recording unit and swallowing the capsule.

I did not get an official copy of the results until March 2019 but already had an indication, from a conversation with the Head of Department, that it showed mild to moderate inflammation in my small bowel. When I saw my consultant again we discussed starting Vedo . He had already obtained the budget to cover it (approx. £1,000/dose). How would we know if it was working?

If I had been suffering flare-ups then judging its effectiveness would be simple but as I am not feeling any physical symptoms the only monitoring will be regular calprotectin samples. I forgot to ask how often constitutes “regular”. At the end of the first year I will have another capsule endoscopy and an MRI scan.

Viva la Vedo

Monday 15th April 2019 – Guy’s Hospital – Gastroenterology

The Vedolizumab Decision

(This post records an important discussion prior to the next stage of my Crohn’s treatment)

The gastro clinic at GSTT is a victim of its own success. Once a patient gets referred there they invariably don’t want to return to their original hospital. As a result clinics run late. I guess they must be overbooked to cope with the numbers. But forewarned is forearmed so I always take something to read. Having registered with reception I settled down with my book. A nurse appeared and apologised that the doctors were running 75 minutes late. I wondered if there would be time to go and get a chest x-ray (booked some while ago). It was worth a try. Ten minutes later I was back in the outpatients’ waiting area with the x-ray complete. Excellent service.

When you get called into the “inner” waiting room you know it won’t be too long until you see the consultant. I asked the nurse to put a note on my folder that I wished to see my usual doctor. After a few minutes he was calling my name. As I entered the consulting room I had a list of questions in my hand as an aide-memoire.

Capsule Endoscopy Report

He asked if I had received a copy of the capsule endoscopy report. Yes, but didn’t know what I was looking at. He worked his way through the document stopping at any frames of interest – “that looks like an ulcer, and there, and that’s one…..” – the conclusion was mild to moderate inflammation in my small bowel. I asked whether it was possible to work out location of inflammation as I get a pain across my midriff,  just above my belly button. He did not expect that to be where pain would be apparent. I mentioned it seemed worse when wearing a tight belt and explained about the hernia that had been found a couple of weeks previously and how it hurt more since surgeon had “poked around”. Normally a hernia would be put right in a simple operation but due to varices growing in my abdomen the surgeon was not happy to proceed. I had added it to my “on-hold” list – cholecystectomy; hernia repair.

Next he ran down the results of my recent blood test. “You’ve had chickenpox but not glandular fever as no antibodies are present, oh and you haven’t got AIDS but you probably knew that”. I replied that I had a very bad bout of glandular fever at the beginning of my ‘A’ levels, which accounted for why I did so badly. Maybe antibodies disappear over time. I was pleased to see that my Hb had now risen to 11.8. There was another test, looking at protein bands, one of which was marked “insufficient sample provided” which I thought strange as the phlebotomist had taken nine, full to the top, phials last time. I would need need to give a further sample after the appointment.

I outlined my reticence about starting Vedo :

  • Having been Crohn’s drug free for nearly 8 years I was hesitant to re-start
  • Side effects
  • Co-morbidities
  • Infusions. Whilst I like trips to London (at the moment) I might not do so as I get even older

What could happen if I decided not to start Crohn’s drugs? The worst outcome would be the inflammation becoming so advanced that the bowel could perforate or form fistulas and result in emergency surgery. Given that I should try to avoid surgery this sounded like a risk not worth taking.

The side effect profile of Vedo is very good and it is proving very successful. A recent study into its use with Ulcerative Colitis showed better results than expected. I said that I had seen some slides from that presentation as a member of the audience had posted them on Twitter. He seemed a little surprised at this but added “I do talk a lot!

Is Vedo compatible with my co-morbidities – bile acid malabsorption; portal hypertension; thrombocytopenia; gallbladder issues? I do have rather a lot of them. He told me not to be concerned about them and that I must be made of stern stuff as there were many patients at my age who were in a considerably worse state!

With regards to travelling for infusions, a self administered version of Vedo, using compressed air rather than a needle, has been developed and will undergo 2 years of trials. It should be available in 3 years time then no more infusions.

I asked in light of the calprotectin tests, suggesting the inflammation started early in 2016,  if I should have had a capsule endoscopy sooner than October 2018 ”  His response was that the first place to look following raised calprotectin results is lthe arge bowel. My colonoscopies showed nothing. The subsequent small bowel MRI also showed no inflammation. However given my experience he was now favouring earlier intervention with a capsule for other patients.

How would we measure the efficacy of the drug? Regular calprotectin tests throughout the year and at the end of the first twelve months a capsule endoscopy and small bowel MRI. The one thing I didn’t clarify is whether Vedo is taken to get one into remission and then continues as a maintenance dose or if another drug is then substituted.

I said that I wanted to discuss the situation with my wife before making a final decision but was leaving the consultation with a lot more positive thoughts about Vedo than when we started. How would I give the go ahead? “Contact the IBD Helpline and take it form there“. With that we shook hands,  I bade him farewell and headed for the blood test room.

Having weighed up the pros and the cons, and with the additional imperative of avoiding surgery (if at all possible) it would seem to be a no-brainer that I should at least try Vedo to get me back into remission before serious damage is done to my gut.

Now where’s that IBD Helpline number……